What is Andropause? Cause, Symptoms, & Treatment

OVERVIEW

Hormone fluctuations are a normal aspect of aging. Unlike the more dramatic drop in reproductive hormones seen in women at menopause, sex hormone reductions in males occur gradually. Here’s what you should know.

Testosterone is the hormone that causes males to have deep voices, muscle bulk, and face and body hair patterns. As men age, their testosterone levels and sperm production decrease, and they endure physical and psychological problems as a result of these low levels. This is a normal component of the aging process, and it is believed that testosterone drops by 10% per decade once males reach the age of 30.

Women may not be the only ones who are affected by hormonal changes. Some doctors have noticed that men are experiencing some of the same symptoms as women throughout perimenopause and menopause.

The medical profession is divided on whether or not males have well-defined menopause when their testosterone levels fall. Doctors claim that males who have received testosterone hormone treatment have claimed alleviation from some of the symptoms related to so-called male menopause.

Testosterone is a hormone generated in the testes of men. It does more than just feed your lust. It also drives puberty changes, mental and physical energy, muscular mass maintenance, fight-or-flight response regulation, and other critical evolutionary traits.

Male and female menopause differ in various ways. For one thing, not all guys go through it. Another advantage is that it does not require a total shutdown of your reproductive organs. Sexual difficulties, however, may emerge as a result of your low hormone levels.

Definition

Andropause is a syndrome marked by a reduction in the male hormone testosterone. It differs from menopause in that the decline in testosterone and onset of symptoms is more gradual than in women. Approximately 30% of men in their 50s will develop andropause symptoms due to decreased testosterone levels. A man going through andropause may experience a variety of symptoms and may be in danger of developing additional major health problems such as osteoporosis if not treated properly.

SYMPTOMS

Male menopause can result in physical, sexual, and psychological complications. They usually grow worse as you get older. They may include the following:

  • low power
  • Sadness or depression
  • focusing difficulties
  • Sleeplessness or inability to sleep
  • an increase in body fat
  • reduced motivation
  • reduced self-esteem
  • muscular mass loss and symptoms of physical weakness
  • erection problems
  • lowered libido
  • infertility
  • gynecomastia, or breast development
  • reduced bone density

Swollen or painful breasts, reduced testicle size, hair loss, or hot flashes are also possible. Low testosterone levels associated with male menopause have been related to osteoporosis. This is a disorder in which your bones become brittle and fragile. These are unusual symptoms. They often strike men about the same time as women begin menopause.

CAUSES

Testosterone is generated in the testes and adrenal glands and is responsible for several critical tasks in males, including regulating libido, sperm generation, and muscle mass, in addition to being crucial for bone health and blood formation. As men age, testosterone levels tend to decline, as does their capacity to make sperm; however, some lifestyle variables or psychological issues may also contribute to testosterone decline. These include:

  1. Stress, depression, or anxiety can cause erectile dysfunction, loss of libido, and mood swings. However, it is caused by work or relationship issues, divorce, money problems, or worrying about aging parents. Also, a “midlife crisis” when men believe they have reached life’s halfway point or anxieties over what they have accomplished so far can contribute to the causes of it. It can be either in their job or in their personal life and can lead to depression.
  2. Erectile dysfunction can be caused by changes in the blood vessels as well as any psychological factor.
  3. A lack of sleep
  4. A bad diet
  5. A lack of exercise
  6. Excessive alcohol use
  7. Smoking 
  8. Low self-esteem
  9. Hypogonadism of late-onset

DIAGNOSIS

A doctor will ask you questions about how you’re feeling to determine if your symptoms are similar to those of men who have low testosterone. A blood test is then done to determine the amount of testosterone in the blood. However, if the result comes positive you can consult a doctor online and get medicines from an online pharmacy in Canada.

Because there are other illnesses linked with low testosterone levels, your doctor will most likely do tests to rule these out before diagnosing andropause. For example, hypogonadism causes sexual growth and development retardation; diabetes; high blood pressure.

Many of the symptoms linked with andropause are also a normal aspect of aging, and they may not be curable with therapy.

PRECAUTIONS AND MEDICATION

  • The most prevalent treatment for males experiencing andropause is testosterone replacement therapy. In many circumstances, this therapy may give symptom alleviation and assist improve quality of life. Increased exercise, stress reduction, and proper diet are also beneficial. Because testosterone therapy has dangers, your doctor will help you determine if it is suitable for you.
  • Testosterone comes in several forms, including skin patches, pills, gels, and injections. Your doctor will advise you on the best course of therapy for you, taking into account your lifestyle. Following the initial treatment, follow-up consultations with your doctor will be necessary. During follow-up appointments, your doctor will assess your reaction to the treatment and make any necessary adjustments.
  • Skin patches: People who use a testosterone patch absorb the hormone via their skin. The patch provides for gradual and consistent delivery of testosterone into the bloodstream. It is applied to a dry region of skin on the back, belly, upper arms, or thighs once a day.
  • Testosterone gel is also administered directly to the skin, typically on the arms. Because the gel might be transferred to other people through skin contact, it is important to wash one’s hands after each application. Unwashed garments with drug residues should also be kept out of children’s reach.
  • Capsules: Taken twice daily after meals, this is another testosterone replacement alternative. Men with liver illness, poor liver function, major heart or renal disease, or an excess of calcium in their blood should avoid using testosterone supplements.
  • Testosterone injections: Every 2 to 4 weeks, testosterone (testosterone cypionate* and testosterone enanthate) is injected into the muscle. Because of fluctuations in testosterone levels, they may produce mood swings.

Any male who has prostate or breast cancer should not take testosterone. If you have heart illness, are on certain drugs such as blood thinners, have an enlarged prostate, have kidney or liver problems, or have too much calcium in your blood, you should discuss testosterone therapy with your doctor.

OUTLOOK

It’s natural to see a drop in testosterone levels as you become older. Even without medication, many men find the symptoms tolerable. Speak with your doctor if your symptoms are giving you problems. They can provide you with advice on how to manage or treat your problems.

There is insufficient evidence to classify “male menopause” as a diagnosable medical illness.

However, ADAM is a testosterone deficit, a male sex hormone that can have comparable consequences to “male menopause.” Low testosterone levels may be difficult and manifest differently in various persons.

Male menopause is not diagnosed by doctors.

A balanced diet, regular exercise, and moderate cigarette and alcohol use, on the other hand, are likely to improve men’s sense of well-being and diminish physical signs of aging.

Treatment of underlying illnesses can also help to mitigate the impact.

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