What is difference between Rack and Cabinet?

This informative article will highlight the primary differences between Rack and Cabinet, two terms commonly used in data centers, server rooms, and other IT infrastructure environments.

However, before moving into the primary section of this article, we will explain what Rack and Cabinet are. So, if you want to gather valuable information regarding Rack and Cabinet, thoroughly review this article.

What is a Rack?

A rack, also known as a server rack, is a metal frame that mounts multiple pieces of network and server equipment, such as servers, switches, and routers. Racks come in different sizes, the most common being 19 inches in width, and typically have a standard height of 42U, which is 73.5 inches tall.

It helps to store and manage equipment in data centers, server rooms, and other IT infrastructure environments. They also allow IT professionals to easily access equipment from all sides and add, remove, or replace equipment.

Furthermore, Racks also include cable management features, like racks and cabinets, to help keep cables organized and prevent them from becoming tangled or damaged.

What is a Cabinet?

A cabinet, also known as an equipment cabinet, is similar to a rack but is enclosed on all sides and typically has a locking front and rear door. Cabinets provide additional security and protection for equipment that requires restricted access, such as storage devices, network equipment, and servers.

Cabinets are often used when physical security and environmental controls, such as cooling and fire suppression, are necessary to ensure the safety and reliability of the equipment. It includes features like ventilation, cooling, and power distribution.

Now, let’s move into the second half of this informative article, where we will highlight the main differences between a Rack and a Cabinet.

Primary differences between a Rack and a Cabinet

Racks are metal frames without enclosed sides or a locking front and rear door.A cabinet is enclosed on all sides and typically has a locking front and rear door.
Racks are used for organizing and mounting equipment.Cabinets provide additional security and environmental control.
It is typically 19 inches wide and 42U tall.Cabinets come in various sizes and heights.
In the case of Racks, you can easily access the equipment from all sides.Cabinet’s front and rear doors can be locked to restrict access.
Racks are suitable for equipment that does not require additional protection.It is ideal for equipment which requires additional protection.
Racks are cost-effectiveThe cabinets are expensive.

As promised at the beginning of this informative article, we have briefly explained to you what actually a Rack and a Cabinet are. Furthermore, in the second half, we have highlighted the primary differences between a Rack and a Cabinet. Finally, at the end of this article, we can say that racks are simpler and more cost-effective solutions for organizing and mounting equipment. On the other hand, cabinets offer additional security and environmental control for sensitive equipment that requires extra protection.